On January 15, 1870, a census taker named Kalmány came to the small village of Trebejov in the region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire known as Upper Hungary. He was hired to collect information for the 1869 Magyar Census, an ambitious effort to collect demographic data for regions under the control of the Hungarian Crown.
Kalmány went from village to village, armed with a four-page questionnaire that he filled out for each household. The questionnaires captured data on each person living in a particular house along with information about the house itself (number of rooms, whether there was a cellar or barn). Since most people lived on farms in those days, the form also included an inventory of livestock. These records, available on microfilm through the Family History Library, provide a remarkable snapshot of life in a particular town.
Trebejov, in present day Slovakia, was the home of my Sabol ancestors. My great-grandfather Andrej (Andrew) Sabol, who emigrated to the U.S. in the early 1890s, was born there in 1872 – two years after the census was taken. His parents, grandparents and older brother Jan were all enumerated, living in the family house at Trebejov 11 where Andrej was born. They were all captured for posterity, along with their friends, family and neighbors.
From a summary data page printed in Hungarian, we see that the village of Trebejov (the Hungarians called it Terebö) had 208 residents living in 24 households (házszám). This figure included four Roma (or Gypsies) who camped out in the village. Household size ranged from 3 to 17 people.
Most of the residents were described as family members (családtag) but a few houses also had servants (cseléd). Thirteen residents of Trebejov were listed as servants.
Half of the houses had only one room, while the largest houses had three rooms. Only two houses in the village had a separate kitchen (konyha). Many of the houses had toolsheds (félszer szin), stalls for livestock (istálló) and barns (csür). Only the fanciest houses had cellars (pinczér) or storehouses (raktár). None had a sheepfold (akol).
All the houses in Trebejov were used for residential purposes – no shops (bolt) or businesses (üzletre). I’m guessing that the nearby towns of Kysak and Obišovce were commercial centers.
From the 25 questionnaires in the file (one for each household and a separate questionnaire for the Roma family that didn’t have a home), we also see that Trebejov’s religious make up broke down as follows: 171 Lutherans (including the Sabol family), 30 Roman Catholics, 4 Greek Catholics and 7 Jews.
Finally, the census taker counted military personnel on a separate schedule. In Trebejov, eight men were on active duty: two non-commissioned officers (altiszt) and six soldiers (közlegény), while another two were on leave (szabadságos).
In future posts, I’ll take a look at the Sabol family household at Trebejov 11. I’ll also take a look at some of my other ancestors living in Trebejov at the time, including my second great-grandfather Andrej Daniel, who was living with his first wife Anna Filak. Years later, after he was widowed, Andrej would move to the neighboring town of Kysak and marry my second great-grandmother Barbara Mačka.