In a few days, I will be heading for eastern Slovakia. I have two goals for the trip: track down some elusive vital records at an archive in Košice (Slovakia’s second largest city); and pay a visit to the villages where my Slovak great-grandparents – Andrej (Andrew) Sabol and Maria (Mary) Daniel – were born.
From vital records accessible online through Family Search, I know that Andrej Sabol was born in May 1872 in the village of Trebejov, nine miles north of Košice. The address noted in the records was Trebejov 11. Maria Daniel was born in June 1880 in the neighboring village of Kysak. The address was Kysak 4.
Trebejov and Kysak were both small villages. From the 1869 Magyar Census, which I wrote about in earlier posts, we can see that Trebejov had 208 inhabitants living in 24 households. Kysak was a bit larger, with 494 residents living in 43 households and a large military barracks.
The census returns provide an amazing look into the lives of my four Slovak great-great-grandparents, just a few years before Andrej and Maria were born. I analyzed some of these in earlier posts. Jan Sabol and Elisa Filak lived with three generations of the Sabol family (including my third great-grandparents Michal Sabol and Anna Tkačik) at Trebejov 11, along with a family named Czibulák. Andrej Daniel lived with his first wife Anna Filak at Trebejov 14. And Barbara Mačka lived with her first husband Michal Hovan at Kysak 4.
I’m not sure how much those villages have changed since my great-grandparents left in the 1890s. According to Wikipedia, Kysak – now home to an important railway station – has 1390 residents. And the population of Trebejov has actually shrunk to 165 residents. So is it possible that my ancestors’ homes are still there?
I should be able to find out, thanks to some historic maps I recently acquired. The Austro-Hungarian Empire did a cadastral survey under Emperor Franz I, mapping the entire territory. With a little effort, I figured out how to order those online.
This map of Trebejov (the Hungarian name was Terebö), dating from 1868, shows the village’s 24 households. With the aid of accompanying documents, I have figured out that the Sabol household (Trebejov 11) was represented on the map as lots 45 (containing the family residence) and 46 (farmland). Similarly, the residence of Andrej Daniel and the Filak family (Trebejov 14) correspond to lots 25 and 26.
The cadastral map of Kysak (the Hungarian name was Kőszeg or Saroskőszeg), also dating from 1868, show that the Hovan household (Kysak 4), where Andrej Daniel would go to live when he married Barbara Mačka after the two were widowed, was located at lots 69 and 70..
From aerial shots of the town on Google Maps, it is easy to overlay the 1868 street plan over today’s. So with any luck, I may have the chance to visit the actual homes where my Slovak ancestors lived.